EBOLAPHOBIA by James A. Duke

 Viriphobia Goes Viral

eeeeeek! Ebola, Encephalomyocarditis, Enterovirus, Epstein Barr Virus, Equine-Rhinopneumonitis, all evidently evolving quicker than we do.

We taxpayers deserve to know, now, before they fast-track some moneymaking poison that may hurt some Ebola and a lot of people

………… vacciniphobic jim duke

My editors here at Pathways dislike my choice of big words I use, sometimes even invent, like the one I used to describe myself as a vacciniphobe, someone who fears vaccines or vaccinations, like the flu shots. I almost goofed and called myself a vacciniaphobe, which would mean someone who fears Vaccinia, one of the many viruses that might confront us again via bioterrorism. [[OPTIONAL: According to Wikipedia on Google, Vaccinia virus belongs to the poxvirus family, which includes smallpox. Vaccinia virus is in the vaccine that eradicated smallpox, making it the first human disease to be eradicated (under the World Health Organization, under the Smallpox Eradication Program). Currently, there are concerns about smallpox being used as an agent for bioterrorism, there is renewed interest in Vaccinia. So I am both vacciniaphobe and vacciniphobe, and slightly ebolaphobe.]]

October 24, 2014, Dr. Anthony Fauci, infectious disease chief at the National Institites of Health (NIH), proudly pronounced that nurse Nina Pham was free of Ebola as she was released from the hospital. But I watched her release on the noon news, and Dr. Fauci pronounced her virus-free. He like many Americans seems to be preoccupied with Ebola, and I am rather sure he meant to declare her Ebola-free, not necessarily virus-free. Most of us know that we humans are 90% microbe, and only 10% human. Among those microbes, most are bacteria, but there may well be several fungi (and/or yeast), and probably quite an array of viruses. Probably 90% of us have a trace Epstein-Barr virus, or have antibodies to it. So far, I have not found a source to tell me how much and how many viruses the healthy human houses. I’ll wager I have a half a dozen at least right now, though most do not now have the upper hand, e.g., cold, enterovirus, flu, herpes, hepatitis, rhinovirus, and, from my earlier years, measles, mononucleosis, and mumps, maybe cowpox.

Melatonin used to be as cheap as aspirin. Scientists at the University of Texas Health Science Center, in San Antonio,Texas, USA, may change that. In the PubMed abstract, they say, “the use of melatonin for the treatment of Ebola virus infection is encouraged” (X25262626). They compare the symptoms of Ebola with those life threatening symptoms of sepsis, which Mrs. Duke suffered three summers back. [[OPTIONAL: They suggest that melatonin can disrupt, endothelial disruption, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and multiple organ hemorrhage, if that means anything to my readers.]]

The good news (in case such positive reports on melatonin cause a shortage) is that many common food plants contain melatonin. The bad news it is that the melatonin is at such low levels that I’d have to eat thrice my weight in rice to get a significant quantity of melatonin. No, while I am an advocate of natural food farmacy, not in the case of melatonin.

In response to the current viriphobia, I have been rooting through our governmentally sponsored NIH PubMed journals search, seeking published articles on viruses. I seek those PubMed citations dealing with herbs or phytochemicals that might help, significantly or trivially, in a viral epidemic. We are not yet in a viral epidemic. We are suffering what I irreligiously call hysterical viriphobia, fanned by the constant headlines in the periodicals and on the TV. I use that politically incorrect word hysterical, amused by the title of one article (in French) which translates, ‘Coexistence of mass hysteria, konzo, and HTLV-1 virus’ (X10816753). The article tells me that ebolaphobia (mass hysteria over ebola) might do more damage here than Ebola itself. Among all those vacuous “words of wisdom” from CDC (like wash your hands; don’t touch doorknobs and elevator buttons, seems like CDC has washed it hands of a natural approach to virus) and the new Ebola Czar, they talk of new synthetics, often GMO, vaccines which in some cases may prove more dangerous than the feared viruses CDC washes their hands of for a despairing public, seeking some magic medicine. You see, CDC and Big Pharma, if not FDA, have concluded there is no money to be made in using natural antiviral (or immune boosting) chemicals in the foods our ancestors have long ingested, like garlic, licorice, onion, persimmons, and turmeric, even honey (all in my Viroxymel).

Jim duke samples his Viroxymel

Jim Duke samples his Viroxymel

Yes, honey! Have you ever heard of an oxymel, defined by the Free Dictionary as a mixture of honey, water, vinegar, and spice, boiled to a syrup. Well, I don’t boil my oxymels, and I use them when the flu is going around. And, I add several diced antiviral spices, chopped up in my honey and vinegar, to make an antiviral oxymel, which I call my Viroxymel. This year, I’m betting most on the antivirals garlic, licorice, onion, persimmon, tea, and turmeric.

Those who sell green tea (Camellia sinensis) may sell a little bit more to ebolaphobics who study this PubMed abstract appearing in the journal Antiviral Research, and cryptically entitled, “HSPA5 is an essential host factor for Ebola virus infection” (X25017472). The abstract did not even define HSPA5! So, I did some more digging and found that HSPA5 is heat shock 70kDa protein 5 (glucose-regulated protein, 78kDa). That doesn’t help you or me much. All we need to know is that HSPA5 is necessary for an ebola infection to survive. All that coming this year from Ft. Dietrick, where I enjoyed serving two of my military years, back in the 1950’s. And then the good news! There is a common compound in a common food with an uncommonly long name, (-)- epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which might lessen the liklihood of ebola infection. Your tea leaves may contain up to 5% or more EGCG. Other NIH PubMed citations tell us that EGCG might help with other viruses Epstein-Barr, flu, herpes, hepatitis B & C, papilloma virus, T-Cell lymphocytic virus. EGCG is the first HSPA5-Inhibitor I ever heard of from plants. Mark my word, eager investigators will soon start churning out research papers on other natural HSPA5-Inhibitors in many of our food plants, herbs, medicinal plants and spices. Big Pharma will seek unnatural synthetic HSPA-5 Inhibitors our genes have never known. Some will be less dangerous than the virus; others will possibly be more dangerous, as science marches onward during these ebolaphobic days. Meanwhile, if you chew enough garlic, your garlic halitosis may discourage Ebola-bearing guests from getting too close. I’m busy compiling a list of those antiviral spices and which viruses they have been reported to help. Some skeptics say there are no antiviral plants. They might selfishly argue that they work by boosting the immune system as their vacccines are also reported to do. Me, I’d rather eat an immune-boosting clove of garlic or enjoy my Viroxymel than take an immune boosting flu vaccination. Mrs. Duke would rather take the flu-shot. I am accumulating hundreds of PubMed citations on antiviral plants from the governmental NIH library. The scientists who wrote these papers often list some herbs and the chemicals reported to help control if not kill the virus (if indeed it is alive to be killed).

Camelia sinensis - tea in flower

Camelia sinensis – tea in flower

Garlic can be hot and that alone might make you thirsty. Garlic is not yet reported to work on Ebola. But it works on a lot of other viruses. Try it. Sweeten your antiviral green tea with honey and spice it up with antiviral spices. That’s my first suggestion for a food farmacy approach, my Viroxymel against Ebola, perhaps a little better than nothing, perhaps better than what Big Pharma will push on the ebolaphobics.

Garlic with underground bulb of cloves beginning to develop after the scape was removed

Allium sativum – Garlic

Many published papers suggest that honey is antiviral, alone or in concert with some of these antiviral spices. In 2014, Japanese scientists studied of Manuka honey (which I have used to cure an ulcer on front of both my ankles). The authors said, in technical terms what translates to, “Manuka honey efficiently inhibited influenza virus replication and, in combination with synthetic pharmaceuticals, zanamivir or oseltamivir, potentiated them nearly 1,000-fold” (X24880005). Beekeepers at the Green Farmacy Garden (GFG) produced some honey here for the first time this year. And I have no reason to believe that our honey is inferior to Manuka, since our bees have a much greater variety of herbs to visit than the comparatively monotonous Manuka forests. A Portuguese study suggested that “Água-mel,” as a honey-based product, was good for simple symptoms of the upper respiratory tract (X23422034). Manuka and clover honeys (0-6% weight) were antiviral against varicella zoster virus EC50 = 4.5%. “Honey is convenient for skin application, is readily available and inexpensive, honey may be an excellent remedy to treat zoster rash in developing countries, where antiviral drugs are expensive or not easily available” (X22822475). Honey potentiated acyclovir in the treatment of herpes simplex keratitis (X22242438). Oseltamivir and maxingshigan-yinqiaosan, alone and in combination, reduced time to fever resolution in patients with H1N1 influenza virus (X21844547). Indian researchers compare topical honey application with acyclovir for recurrent herpes simplex lesions (X16940940). One Saudi scientist concluded that topical honey application is safe and effective in the management of the signs and symptoms of recurrent lesions from labial and genital herpes. The abstract suggested that it was less effective than acyclovir and but had fewer side effects (X15278008). Syrian scientists (1996) concluded that honey solutions were effective against Rubella virus while thyme extracts were not (XX9395668). Burdock (1998) and Rau et al. (1992) add that propolis may have antibiotic, antifungal, antiinflammatory, antitumor, and antiviral properties (XX9651052; XX1423745).

As for spices to go in your spiced aguamel or oxymel or Voroxymel, I mention a few with an evidence-based list of viruses reportedly reduced or inhibited by the spice:

Garlic and Onion: Coxsackie, flu, herpes, respiratory viruses. Fresh garlic extract, rich in thiosulfinates, reportedly reduced herpes simplex virus type 1, herpes simplex virus type 2, parainfluenza virus type 3, vaccinia virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, and human rhinovirus type (XX1470664).

Green Tea: We have tea in the GFG but brought it into the green house in late October. As mentioned above, thus does contain a chemical (EGCG) that can arrest Ebola infections.

Glycyrrhiza glabra - licorice root (left) and stem leaf (right) just harvested from the Green Farmacy Garden

Glycyrrhiza glabra – licorice root (left) and stem leaf (right) just harvested from the Green Farmacy Garden

Licorice: Licorice, in addition to sweetening your tea, or oxymel, or Viroxymel, has a lot of antiviral activities, against, e.g., arboravirus, corona virus, flu, HBV, HCV, HIV, HSV, RSV, Vaccinia, VSV (X17886224).

Persimmon: Late October and my bearing persimmon is bare, leaves all blown off, and there are only a couple fruits still hanging on there. My readers may well know how puckery unripe persimmons can be. That puckery effect is due to the astringent tannins or polyphenols. Astringency might help in some hemorrhagic fevers, if not Ebola. It is the astringency that contributes to the antiviral properties of persimmons against a dozen viruses: adenovirus, coxsackie, feline-calicivirus, H3N2-flu, H5N3-flu, herpes simplex, murine-norovirus, Newcastle, polio, rotavirus, Sendai, and vesicular stomatitis (XX23372851).

Persimon ~ Asimina triloba

Persimmon – Dyospyros virginiana

Turmeric or its major active ingredient curcumin are active against CVB3, FHI, FIPV, Flu, HBV, HCV, Herpes, HIV, Japanese encephalitis, papilloma, parainfluenza; Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Vescicular Stomatitis Virus.

Curcuma longa – turmeric harvest

Since Big Pharma, CDC, and FDA seem to have written off the antiviral chemicals (no money to be made there, they say; they can make more money damaging and even killing people with unnatural statins and vaccines). I will finish off 2014 (maybe even yours truly, too) compulsively compiling on published natural antiviral chemicals in such wholesome herbs as garlic, ginger, green tea, licorice, onion, persimmon, and turmeric, for example. There are many, and they seem to be currently ignored by Big Pharma, CDC, and FDA, as they knowingly or unknowingly push their more dangerous and expensive alternatives, too often unproven vaccines. I’d like to know that CDC and FDA are sure their recommendations are better for the American public than what I suggest herein.

After consulting the NIH PubMed evidence, and without futilely trying to consult Big Pharma, CDC, or FDA, I suspect Viroxymel is better for flu and several other viruses, if not Ebola, than what Big Pharma has to offer and CDC and FDA seem to champion. I don’t know. Neither do BigPharma, CDC or FDA know. We all need and deserve to know.

………..vacciniphobic jim


vacciniphobic jim in his grotto

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16 Responses to EBOLAPHOBIA by James A. Duke

  1. Kathy Gaita says:

    Thank-you, Dr. Duke! In an ever changing world, our healing relationship to plants as food and medicine is profound. Infinite blessings to you and Mrs. Duke! Kathy Gaita

  2. sageywoman says:

    Wonderful post on Ebola . I am 67 this year. never had a flu shot and have not even had a cold in many years . My persimmon tree is loaded with fruit.. just starting to fall. I eat them daily . Have you ever grown Fo- Ti or wild Chinese yam (lightroot)? I have a lot growing here now ansd trying to learn how to use it . :)Sharon (Sharon’s Natural gardens )

  3. Thanks for the thoughtful, informative, and playful article. Love oxymels! So many possibilities.
    Had to point out that persimmon is listed as Asimina triloba, but that’s pawpaw, whereas persimmon is Diospyros, likely, virginiana.

  4. Thank you for posting this.

  5. I Thank for all your work. I am angry too, here in the tropical Florida home of the stately Conocarpus erectus you know the story, you did the report and know the importance of this and other plant helpers. In this, I could use some help reviewing a book I wrote on this vey subject, focusing on tropical species, many of them “invasive”, actually I wrote 3 small volumes) This is for the people, observing normal precautions. Warmly,

  6. RandeNezezon ND says:

    Dr. Duke,

    Thank you for the extensive research and knowledge which you willingly share on the wonders of herbs and plant based choices ! I appreciate your work and difference you make with natural options.. Please keep up the great work!!

    Rande Nezezon ND

  7. Caroline Edwards says:

    Dr Duke,

    Thank you so much for this excellent in-depth article. I will share it throughout my herbal network. Much love to you and your Mrs. from sunny and snowy NC.

    Caroline Edwards
    the kudzu kid

  8. Tricia B. says:

    Thank you for sharing your in-depth wisdom and lovely photos of these wonderful healing plants! Tricia

  9. Renee Schloupt says:

    Dr. Duke,

    I respect your information above all others. Thanks for making some sense in a nonsensical world.

    Renee Schloupt

  10. Pingback: Sea Snails vs. The Genital Herpes Virus? The CBCD Reviews New Scientific … | Herpes Survival Kit

  11. Rob McCurry says:

    Dear Dr. Duke,
    My name is Rob McCurry. I met you a few years back at wild herb weekend in valle crucis, North Carolina. You gave a wonderful speech about Amazonian plants that can help reverse cancerous cells. You also spoke of iowaska and DMT. I had read a rap I wrote about wild herb weekend and how amazing it is…just been reading a few articles about the “wonderous” FDA, HA and it reminded me of my experience with meeting you. I just wanted to tell you I hope all is well and that meeting you changed my life, so thank you and best wishes to you and your wife

    The utmost respects,
    Rob McCurry

  12. Alma says:

    I am reading your book, 13 Vital Herbs You Need to Disease-Proof Your Body, Boost Your Energy, Lengthen Your Life and wanted to thank you for sharing your knowledge.

    Thank you Dr. Duke!


  13. Elaine says:

    Is there anyway to get your recipe for your viroxymel?? Please? Thank you.

  14. Hi Elaine,

    The only info we currently have about Jim’s Viroxymel is in this blog entry, and at the link below in an article from the Journal of the American Herbalists Guild (though I found that using a Google search, and you can keep looking for other Google hits if you like!).

    Click to access duke_honey_against_viruses_from_2014-2015_jahg_v12n3.pdf

    My sense is that making a Viroxymel is similar to making a Fire Cider: you can use whatever appropriate ingredients you happen to have on hand, or want to go out to get. Because they are all active and helpful, the amount of each included also isn’t too important. You can use equal amounts of each, or use them in a ratio reflecting what ease of access. For example, licorice root will be easiest to find in dried root form, and will cost considerably more than, say, an onion.
    It’ll also impart a powerful sweetness to your concoction, which the honey will enhance. So you can also adjust the amounts for flavor (of course this is easiest if you’re familiar with the flavors of the individual ingredients you choose).

    My usual approach is to cover the herb mix with raw Apple Cider Vinegar, then top off the jar with raw honey. I usually find a ratio of about 20% honey by volume pleases my taste buds, after a lot of experimenting where I filled with vinegar, then added honey til I liked the effect 😉 As with the other plant ingredients, both honey and vinegar are beneficial for the intended purpose (honey more directly virucidal, perhaps, and vinegar more powerfully extractive, such that the chemicals you want from the plant ingredients will be pulled into your preparation most effectively by the vinegar portion of your mix).

    The plant ingredients Jim’s mentioned here, that you can choose from for your own Viroxymel preparation, are garlic & onion, licorice, (American) persimmon, tea leaves (from Camellia sinensis), and turmeric.

    To make your oxymel, chop (/ crush/ crumble, if dried) your herbs and spices to increase the surface area of the plant material, mix them all together and put in a glass jar (fill it about 3/4 full with plant material). Then add your vinegar and honey, stir or shake to mix them well together, and leave it all in the jar for several weeks (I usually aim for 6), stirring or shaking every day or as often as you like. You can use the preparation at any time, including while it’s steeping. When you’re happy with it (eg, after 6+ weeks), you can strain out the herbs and use just the liquid at will.

    Best wishes!
    Veri and the GFG team

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